Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Total knee replacement (TKR) surgery or arthoplasty is a surgical treatment to replace the knee joint and alleviate pain caused due to injury, deformity, disability or disease. Knee replacement surgery is usually performed on patients suffering from ailments such as osteoarthritis, arthritis, gout or haemophilia. If proper care is taken, knee replacement surgery is typically good for at least 15 to 20 years.
In 1968, the first knee replacement surgery was performed. Since then there has been considerable advancements in surgical techniques. Today, new minimally invasive procedures in total knee replacement (TKR) are been introduced, which includes shorter incision lengths and retraction of the knee cap without eversion.
More than 600,000 knee replacements are performed every year in the U.S., according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. However the average cost of knee replacement surgery is expensive in the U.S. while treatment in countries like India cost significantly less and there are medical facilities available at par with international standards.